China city electric bicycle

China city electric bicycle
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Chile’s plan to face down its capital Santiago’s smog problem includes the rollout of electric scooters, cars and taxis.The initiative puts Chile at the forefront of clean mobility in Latin America as well as among developing countries worldwide.A massive cargo ship docked in the Chilean port of San Antonio at the end of November, carrying it its belly the first 100 electric buses from China that Chileans hope will revolutionise their public transport system.Chile’s ambitious plan to face down its capital Santiago’s notorious smog problem includes the rollout of electric scooters, cars and taxis, as well as lorries for use in the mining industry.Mineral-rich Chile - which is not only the world’s largest copper producer but also the second-largest producer of lithium, a key component in electric vehicle batteries - aims to increase the number of electric vehicles tenfold by 2022.Energy minister Susana Jiménez told Reuters the government wanted electric vehicles to account for 40 per cent of Chile’s private fleet and 100 per cent of public transportation on the roads by 2050.The initiative puts Chile at the forefront of clean mobility in Latin America as well as among developing countries worldwide.But it represents a significant challenge given the persistently high price of electric vehicles and the paucity of charging points in the country. Chile has just 40 public charging stations - half of them in Santiago, according to the energy ministry.Enthusiasts of the new technology prefer to focus on the pluses of clean motoring, such as the reduction in noise and air pollution as well as lower fuel costs.The operation and maintenance costs of an electric bus are also around 70 per cent less than those of a diesel engine, according to Chile’s Ministry of Transport.“Chile will be second only to China as a nation with the greatest quantity of electric buses in the world,” Chilean President Sebastian Pinera said at the start of November when the government took delivery of six BMW i3 electric cars destined for ministerial use.Studies by McKinsey and Bloomberg bear his claims out - of the 385,000 electric buses on the road worldwide last year, 99 per cent are in China.The Netherlands and Britain have more than 300 electric buses each but they are spread among several cities rather than concentrated in one, as will be the case in Santiago.The Chilean capital will have 200 in total, the government said. The 100 that recently arrived were manufactured by Chinese firm BYD Electronic International Co Ltd, financed by the local subsidiary of the Italian power utility  e bike china Enel Generacion Chile SA and will be operated by Metbus, a private Chilean company.Another 100 due to be added to the Santiago fleet are being financed by French energy generation firm Engie Energia Chile SA and manufactured by China’s Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co Ltd.Other Latin American countries are catching on.Mexico City has a booming market in electric scooters and bicycles. It also plans to introduce between 300 and 500 electric buses.Peru has slashed the import tax on electric vehicles to zero while Colombia is converting public diesel buses to unspecified, cleaner engines.If the present fleets of buses and taxis spread across 22 Latin American cities were replaced by electric vehicles today, by 2030 almost USD 64 billion in fuel would have been saved, and 300 million tons less of carbon dioxide equivalent would have been pumped into the air, according to a UN study.Chile offers electric vehicles exemptions from environmental tax and traffic restrictions, as well as subsidies and fast-track licensing to taxi drivers who switch to more energy efficient cars, the Ministry of Energy said.The government is also encouraging its mining industry to look at using electric lorries, with state copper miner Codelco recently announcing a pilot scheme to introduce them.But the electric vehicle industry remains nascent across Latin America, partly due to the high costs.A BMW i3 equivalent to those being tested by ministers would cost around USD 60,000 in Chile, prohibitively expensive for most motorists in a country where the average monthly wage is USD 410.Matías Asun, Greenpeace’s national director, said at the present rate of electric vehicles penetration, the government would have to take dramatic action to meet its 2050 goal.“Our question to the government is this: From what year will it no longer allow combustion engines to be sold in Chile?” he said.


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نوشته شده در جمعه ۲۳ مهر ۱۴۰۰ساعت 9:25
توسط iocriptory | تعداد بازديد : 1 | لينك ثابت

Modi’s government has set a target of electric vehicles making up 30 percent of new sales of cars and two-wheelers by 2030. bafang torque sensor Hurt by high fuel prices, Vinod Gore, a farmer in Gove village in Maharashtra, ditched his petrol scooter for an electric model, underlining how two-wheelers are driving the country’s goal of electrification of its vehicles.Gore’s electric scooter, built by Indian start-up Okinawa, runs for about 100-120 km (60-75 miles) on a single charge which costs the sugarcane farmer less than 10 per cent of the 150 rupees (USD 2.15) he would otherwise have spent on fuel for the same distance.“I bought it to save money,” said Gore, who paid 75,000 rupees (USD 1,077) for the scooter and expects to recover the cost in two to three years in terms of savings on petrol and maintenance.Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government has set a target of electric vehicles making up 30 per cent of new sales of cars and two-wheelers by 2030 from less than 1 per cent today.But its efforts to convince carmakers to produce electric vehicles have flopped mainly because of no clear policy to incentivise local manufacturing and sales, lack of public charging infrastructure and a high cost of batteries.Cost-conscious two-wheeler buyers like Gore might be a better bet. It would also open up a new market for global companies like Japan’s Yamaha Motor and Suzuki Motor that are drawing up initial plans to launch electric scooters and motorcycles in the country.The potential is huge. India is the world’s biggest market for scooters and motorcycles with annual domestic sales exceeding 19 million in the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018 - six times that of car sales over the same period.The next biggest market is China, with annual motorcycle sales of about 17 million in 2017.Electric scooters make up a fraction of the total but are growing fast. In fiscal 2017-18, sales more than doubled to 54,800 from a year ago while electric car sales fell to 1,200 from 2,000 over the same period, according to data from the Society of Manufacturers of Electric Vehicles (SMEV).By 2030, sales of electric scooters are expected to cross 2 million a year, even as most carmakers resist bringing electric cars to India.The roadblocks for scooters are fewer. Compared with cars, scooters are lighter, which means they can use less powerful batteries that are cheaper. The scooters can also be charged quickly and more easily, often using existing plug points in homes, and their price is similar to petrol-powered models.The challenge is that most electric scooters sold today are utilitarian and not as powerful as models that run on petrol that can go faster and climb gradients easily. The supply chain is not robust which means manufacturers need to rely on imported components.Importantly, electricity supply in smaller towns and cities, where demand is picking up, is irregular although frequent power shortages in India are a thing of the past.“India’s electric revolution will be led by two-wheelers. It is a value for money equation,” said Sohinder Gill, global chief executive officer at Hero Electric, the country’s top-selling e-scooter manufacturer.In May 2017, India’s economic policy think tank began discussions to form a new policy that suggested electrification of all new vehicles by 2030 by mainly offering subsidies to buyers.The proposal faced resistance from carmakers and auto parts companies that considered the shift too sudden and ambitious, and the target was dialled back to 30 per cent.India is now working on a new policy which aims to incentivise investments in electric vehicle manufacturing, batteries and smart charging, instead of only giving benefits on sales.The government also wants to push the use of electric vehicles for public use, a revolution already led by three-wheeled autorickshaws. Sales of these vehicles, ubiquitous on Indian city roads, are expected to double to 935,000 units a year by 2023, according to consulting firm P&S Market Research.“A policy or incentive to help manufacturers of cars or two-wheelers will go a long way in making electric mobility more affordable than subsidising individual buyers,” said Kaushik Madhavan, vice president, mobility at consultant Frost & Sullivan.A handful of carmakers including Maruti Suzuki India Ltd, Toyota Motor Corp and Nissan Motor Co are testing the ground to launch electric vehicles in the country, some as early as 2020.Two-wheeler companies are further down the road with Hero Electric and several start-ups including Okinawa, Ather Energy and Twenty Two Motors already selling electric scooters.Hero, which sold 31,000 electric scooters in 2017-18, expects to double sales every year for the next few years and break even on costs within one year, said Gill.Japan’s Suzuki Motor is working on plans to launch an electric scooter in India by 2020, while Indian motorcycle makers Bajaj Motor and TVS Motor are also eyeing electric models.Yamaha, which is developing a global electric two-wheeler platform, plans to bring an electric scooter or motorcycle to India in the next 3 to 5 years, Yasuo Ishihara, managing director of the manufacturer’s India unit, told Reuters.While Ishihara did not say how much Yamaha plans to invest in its electrification push, he said any investment shall mainly be for power units and batteries and to develop infrastructure with partners.“Right now the need of the hour is a proper roadmap and a clear policy by the government of India to actually turn this ambition into reality,” Ishihara said.Gore is pleased with his Okinawa scooter, which he purchased four months ago because it is easy and cheap to maintain and he can charge it at home. The scooter is fitted with a battery that can generate maximum power of 2,500 watts, giving a top speed of 75 km per hour (47 mph), which he says is sufficient for his needs.His only gripe is that the scooter struggles when going uphill.“You can’t increase speed on mountains the way you can accelerate with traditional petrol-powered scooters or motorcycles. There is turbo mode that delivers more power but that is still less than petrol scooters,” he said.Frost’s Madhavan said most electric scooters currently on sale are basic in terms of design, range and performance so that the price can be kept affordable, especially in smaller towns where distances are shorter and buyers more frugal.But he says there is also a market for more premium models like those made by Bengaluru-based start-up Ather Energy which is designed to appeal to tech-savvy city commuters.Ather’s scooters are connected to the internet, come with a touchscreen and have a top speed of 80 kph. They cost about 131,000 rupees - nearly twice the amount Gore paid.Okinawa and Ather are both expanding their production facilities. While Okinawa is already building a new plant in northern India to more than treble its capacity to a million electric scooters a year, Ather is scouting for a site to set up its second plant.“There is a line of sight now,” said Ravneet Phokela, a chief business officer at Ather which is backed by venture capital firm Tiger Global, adding that there is greater acceptance by buyers and the government is also coming on board.Ather, whose business model includes setting up charging stations in every city it launches, is working on new products ahead of plans to expand to 30 cities in the next three years.“There has never been a better time to be in this business than now,” he said.


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نوشته شده در دوشنبه ۱۹ مهر ۱۴۰۰ساعت 13:37
توسط iocriptory | تعداد بازديد : 2 | لينك ثابت
آخرين مطالب ارسالي
» It also plans to introduce between 300 and 500 electric buses. (جمعه ۲۳ مهر ۱۴۰۰ | ۰۹:۲۵)
» The roadblocks for scooters are fewer. (دوشنبه ۱۹ مهر ۱۴۰۰ | ۱۳:۳۷)

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